For Immediate Release: For More Information Contact:
Tuesday, August 22, 1995 Gary Ruskin (202) 296-2787
Groups, Citizens Urge Gingrich to Keep Promise of Internet Access to
Government reform groups and more than 650 citizens sent a letter to Speaker Newt Gingrich
(R-GA) urging him to keep a post-election promise to provide citizens with Internet access to a
wide range of Congressional documents. At present only a limited set of Congressional
documents are available on the Internet from the Library of Congress and the Government
Printing Office (GPO), and public access watchdogs have complained that many key documents
are missing from these services.
In November 11, 1994 remarks to the Washington Research Group Symposium, Newt Gingrich
promised that "we will change the rules of the House to require that all documents and all
conference reports and all committee reports be filed electronically as well as in writing and that
they cannot be filed until they are available to any citizen who wants to pull them up. Thus,
information will be available to any citizen in the country at the same moment it is available to
the highest paid Washington lobbyist."
"We are asking Speaker Gingrich to keep his word to the American people," said Gary Ruskin,
director of the Congressional Accountability Project. "Timely access to these essential documents
will encourage greater scrutiny and accountability of Congress. On matters such as hearing
transcripts, the public should not have to wait 6 months to a year to have information which
lobbyists get within 24 hours."
"Gingrich got off to a good start with the Library of Congress THOMAS system, but the lack of
progress since February has been astounding," said James Love, director of the Taxpayer Assets
Project (TAP). "While citizens are searching THOMAS for the online copies of bills, lobbyists
are huddled with paper copies of committee prints and manager's amendments, so citizens only
have the appearance of equal access, not the real thing. Plus, Gingrich has still not given the
public access to many of the best and most useful items, such as campaign contribution reports or
Congressional Research Service reports."
The letter cites a long list of key Congressional documents which are not available over the
Internet, including committee prints of bills, Federal Election Commission campaign disclosure
reports, voting records, hearing transcripts and prepared statements, committee reports,
Congressional Research Service reports, text of proposed amendments, and other materials.
The letter was signed by the Taxpayer Assets Project, Congressional Accountability Project,
Common Cause, U.S. Term Limits, Center for Responsive Politics, Electronic Frontier
Foundation, Natural Resources Defense Counsel, Citizen Action, Term Limits Legal Institute,
the Federation of American Scientists and many others.
This is the second broad-based letter sent to the Speaker on the topic of Internet access to
Congressional information. On January 5, 1995, Speaker Gingrich expressed his support for a
letter signed by more than 800 Americans requesting free Internet access to many of the same
Congressional documents. Commenting on their letter, Gingrich said, according to the January
14, 1995 issue of the National Journal, "Great! I want every American to have the maximum
access to information, with the minimum cost, with the greatest convenience." Gary Ruskin said
"Despite his many supportive public statements, Gingrich as not fulfilled his promise."
Currently, the Congressional Record, the Federal Register, and the texts of House and Senate bills are available online via the Library of Congress THOMAS System and GPO Access.
August 22, 1995
Speaker Newt Gingrich
U.S. House of Representatives
Washington, DC 20515
via the Internet: GEORGIA6@HR.HOUSE.GOV
Dear Speaker Gingrich:
We are writing to ask for a renewed commitment to provide Americans with online access to
essential Congressional documents.
In your November 11, 1994 remarks to the Washington Research Group Symposium, which are
reprinted in your book "Contract With America," you state that "we will change the rules of the
House to require that all documents and all conference reports and all committee reports be filed
electronically as well as in writing and that they cannot be filed until they are available to any
citizen who wants to pull them up. Thus, information will be available to any citizen in the
country at the same moment it is available to the highest paid Washington lobbyist."
On January 5, 1995, you voiced your support for a letter signed by more than 800 Americans
requesting free online access to Congressional documents. Commenting on their letter, you said,
according to the January 14, 1995 issue of the National Journal, "Great! I want every American
to have the maximum access to information, with the minimum cost, with the greatest
But your promise to provide online access to Congressional documents still remains unfulfilled.
There are many important Congressional documents which are not available on the Library of
Congress THOMAS system, GPO Access or any other free government online service. In
1. Committee prints of bills. One of the most serious problems is the restricted access to
"committee prints" of bills. While ordinary citizens are examining the copies of bills which have
been introduced and made available through THOMAS and GPO Access, lobbyists and other
well-connected insiders are studying the paper copies of a committee print or "chairman's mark"
of a bill, which are the relevant documents for legislation. The House policy of preventing GPO
from disseminating committee prints without permission of the chair of the committee is
outrageous and should be changed. These documents should be available on the Internet as soon
as they are available.
2. Federal Election Commission (FEC) reports. The Federal Elections Commission (FEC)
reports on campaign contributions are of interest to millions of Americans. Online access
through THOMAS or GPO Access would greatly broaden the dissemination of this important
information. Currently, the FEC charges $20 per hour for a dial-up system which is not
connected to the Internet.
3. Committee reports. When a committee passes a bill, it provides a report with important
information explaining the bill, the hearings held, and the dissenting views on the legislation.
Your promise to provide these documents on the Internet has not been fulfilled. As a result,
citizens are still having great difficulty following the furious pace of legislative activity on a wide
range of issues.
4. Voting records of members of Congress. While the votes on bills reaching the floor of
the Senate or House are recorded in the online version of the Congressional Record, it is very
time-consuming and often difficult to find these without extensive browsing of the documents.
As we have suggested before, citizens should be able to access voting records on bills and
amendments directly, indexed by bill title, bill number, and bill subject.
5. Amendments. Amendments should be made available on THOMAS as early as possible,
so that citizens can review the substance of the amendment and make their views heard. For
example, until an amendment is online, it should not be considered "introduced."
6. Congressional Research Service reports. In September 1994, CRS announced a pilot
project for the electronic distribution of CRS Reports and Issue Briefs to Congressional offices.
However, ordinary citizens are still without online access to these documents. These documents
should be available to the public on THOMAS and GPO Access.
7. Verbatim transcripts (both corrected and uncorrected) from Congressional
Hearings. Lobbyists can buy these from transcribers, but ordinary citizens have to wait months
or even years for printed hearing records. We want uncorrected transcripts made available the
day after the hearing, and corrected transcripts available ASAP.
8. Congressional testimonies. If persons testifying before Congress provide an electronic
copy of their prepared testimony, the testimony should be immediately placed on THOMAS or
GPO Access for broader public access. All government officials should be required to provide
electronic copies of their prepared testimonies for public dissemination.
9. Discharge Petitions. The lists of Discharge Petition signers should be available online.
If you have any questions about how the House might put these materials online, or if you wish
to discuss these issues, you can contact James Love at (202) 387-8030 or Gary Ruskin at (202)
Thank you for your prompt attention to this matter.
James Love, Director, Taxpayer Assets Project
Gary Ruskin, Director, Congressional Accountability Project
Ann McBride, President, Common Cause
Paul Jacob, Executive Director, U. S. Term Limits
Ellen Miller, Executive Director, Center for Responsive Politics
Lori Fena, Executive Director, Electronic Frontier Foundation
Scott Armstrong, Executive Director, The Information Trust
Cleta Deatherage Mitchell, Director, Term Limits Legal Institute
David Hawkins, Senior Attorney, Natural Resources Defense Council
Michael Panetta, CyberStrategy Project, Federation of American Scientists
Richard Vuernick, Legal Policy Director, Citizen Action
Eric Roberts, President, Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility
Jim Warren, Columnist, Govt. Technology, MicroTimes, BoardWatch
Tom Devine, Legal Director, Government Accountability Project
Danielle Brian, Executive Director, Project on Government Oversight
Conrad Martin, Executive Director, Fund for Constitutional Government
Stephen G. Sanders, President and General Manager, Northern Arkansas Telephone Company
Christian Callahan, Industrial Engineering Manager, McDonnell Douglas Corporation
Diane Garner, Head of Government Documents, Widener Library, Harvard University
Sandy Peterson, Documents Librarian, Yale University
David Woolley, President, Chrysalis Software, Inc.
Beverly J. Chain, Director, Office of Communication, United Church of Christ
Alan Sugarman, President and CEO, Hyperlaw, Inc.
Herman A. Stuhl, Chairman of the Board, New York Institute of Legal Research
Edward Zuckerman, Editor and Publisher, the Political Finance and Lobby Reporter
Al Whaley, President, Sunnyside Computing, Inc.